Why is the Internet moving at almost the speed of light?

What do I find most interesting or surprising about the history of the internet?  The speed of its development.  From Arpanet in 1969 to emails in 1971, to the start of live chatting in 1988, to webcam development in 1991, how far it has come in less than 50 years is absolutely astonishing.  After reading about its short history, I have come to understand why we as consumers have expectations which are so high and only getting higher.

Up to the early 21st century, nearly every aspect of the internet that came to be was a necessary creation, to ease methods of communication and ways of accessing information.  But since the early years of the new millennium, much of what has become part of the internet is actually not essential to our lives, if we put our minds to it.  Of course, for those who were born when social media was first developed, or those born today and in the years to come, they will hardly be able to imagine a world without the World Wide Web.  It has unfortunately become a basic need of individuals if they are to live through each day suffocating or dissolving into a puddle of tears.

Such inventions as Snapchat, YouTube and therefore Red Tube, are they entirely fundamental to our everyday lives? Although YouTube does contribute to education and learning of society, it has stimulated a ridiculous amount of inappropriate content and furthermore impure behaviour of children and adults alike.  When Snapchat was first invented, the basic idea was to allow individuals to send self-destructing, sexual photos to each other.  The use of this app then became more general, promoting simply the idea of fun and creativity with various filters, texts and sound effects.  However, websites such as Snapchat Leaked then emerged, containing sexual photos submitted anonymously, and aimed at an 18+ audience to view simply for laughter and pleasure.  This I find shocking, and ultimately quite disturbing.

The history of the internet and the speed of its evolution is no doubt impressive, but we need to address its many implications if we do not want it to destroy rather than benefit society.  I think the internet definitely plays a part in the decline of face to face interaction, the rise of sexual molestation and of course the increase in cyber-crime. Surely the founders of Arpanet did not have this in mind as a primary purpose.  We therefore need to reflect on what the actual function of the internet is.

Finally, it is because we live in the Western World that we take the internet for grated. How many of us can truthfully say that they will happily give up their unlimited access for the rest of their lives?  Ninety percent of the world’s poorest countries live offline, and so if they are able to, then I hope you will agree that we need to rethink our society’s approach to the internet.

The World Wide Web

Sources

The History of the Internet in a Nutshell http://sixrevisions.com/resources/the-history-of-the-internet-in-a-nutshell/

How much of the world has regular internet access? http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/09/united-nations-internet-access/406552/

Google the helper

It could surely be said that there are so many interesting and mesmerizing facts about the history of the internet. In fact, almost every day new services are developed. But, I believe one of the most significant services created are search engines. In particular, I will be discussing Google.

Google it… We hear this term being used frequently every day, don’t we? That is all thanks to the developers of Google- the online search engine which rescues us on a daily basis.It could surely be said that Google is one of the most recognizable search engines on the planet, if not the most recognizable one. The creation of this modern day marvel is the merit of two (back then) college students- Sergey Brin and Larry Page, who met one day and decided that it was about time for the creation of something, that will be forever stored in the history of the world wide web. In the year of 1996, they created a search engine called BackRub which was running for just over a year before the creators of it decide to rename the search engine to Google. By the way, have you ever noticed that once you Google something and go further into the results pages, the number of the “o” in Google grows more and more? Well, that is because Googol is a mathematical term which describes an incredibly large number- many zeros after 1. Therefore, Sergey and Larry thought it would be the perfect name for the search engine  as the main goal was to get as much of the results from the web as possible.

Just come to think of it, without search engines internet would have been very different and so much more confusing. It’s absolutely amazing that with one single word you get millions of results and endless amounts of information.

Sources and interesting links:

https://www.google.co.uk/about/company/history/

http://www.businessinsider.com/crazy-interesting-facts-about-google-2014-8?IR=T

 

netflix-logo

Something that I found quite interesting about the history of the internet is the development of ‘Internet Television’.

Television on the internet has been around for a good few years now, while it might feel as though we’ve been able to watch television online for years now, it’s still something that’s continuing to expand in terms of both service providers and users.

Hulu-logo

The first Internet television service provider was a website called ‘Hulu’. This was website created by various American television broadcasting companies (ABC, NBC and FOX) in order to make it easier for their audiences to catch up on television shows they may have missed.

Internet television has developed massively with pretty much all major television networks having some kind online facility allowing the general public to pick and choose when they watch certain shows. Netflix and Amazon Prime have also become major players in the internet television industry. With more and more of these service providers popping up, audiences are now spoiled for choice in a variety of different television shows and films to choose from. This has lead to these websites producing their own exclusive television series’ which have proven to be popular among audiences and critics alike.

jessica-jones-1-1200x674

 

While internet television was something that was initially created to make it easier for audiences to catch up on shows they’d missed, it’s clear that the concept has developed since then and I’m sure will continue to develop as time goes on.

 

The Snapchat effect

People may think that Snapchat is another social network with the same features that Facebook or Twitter can have. Wrong. Snapchat is not only very different from them, but it is also changing our communication. Snapchat is a video/photo messaging application created in 2011 that allows its users to send pictures and video, to apply some filters to them, to write and draw on them and to send them to your friends. Seems like a different-but-same Facebook. The difference is that this “Snaps” you send last 1 to 10 seconds, and then they will be forever deleted. Nowadays people are tired of their memories to be permanent stored online and for everybody to be able to see them, that is how Snapchat is becoming more and more popular; because it gives a sense of freedom. Users can send whatever they want knowing that in a couple of seconds that data will expire forever. Unfortunately, lots of people use this app to send pornographic pictures and this is definitely a con of the self-destruction way of communication. Still, 2 billion of Snaps are sent everyday, more than Facebook and Instagram combined, which indicates the growth and the appreciation of this new social network.

This post will be deleted in 3….2….1…..

YouTube: How The Internet became a Career

In the past decade, the internet has gone beyond being a platform for communication and the spreading of ideas, it has become a platform where people can create careers for themselves. Most notably, are the group of people who have become colloquially known as YouTubers, who produce weekly videos or “vlogs” which YouTube allows them to profit off of, based upon the showing of ads and number of views that each vlog receives. One thing which has always interested me about the internet is how this system came to be.

YouTube got its start in 2005, launched on Valentine’s Day by creators Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim, having experience with the World Wide Web as former PayPal employees. Karim claims that his idea for the site was inspired in 2004 by Janet Jackson’s costume malfunction at the Super Bowl half time show, and the devastating tsunami in the Indian Ocean. This is what its original beta site looked like when it was first launched in 2005!

youtube beta site

The first video on YouTube was uploaded by one of its creators, Jawed Karim, and was entitled “Me at the Zoo”. It was only 19 seconds long, and featured Karim at the zoo standing in front of the elephants, talking about their trunks. If you wish to view this slightly uninteresting but still important piece of internet history, you can see it here!

Me At The Zoo

YouTube very quickly took off, being one of the original online sites which allowed users to share their own video content online, for anyone on the internet to see. Along with funny home videos, it became a platform through which people could share their talents, such as their musical talents, as well as their ideas, through vlogs.

One of the most notable people who got their start from videos they posted on YouTube is Justin Bieber. The videos of him singing and playing guitar soon went viral, allowing him to be discovered by music producer Usher. Though he can’t really have been considered a YouTuber, he is an example of the power that YouTube had to make a career for someone.

In May of 2007, YouTube launched a partner program which allowed people to get paid for the video content they posted. The most successful vloggers, such as Jenna Marbles, John and Hank Green, and Tyler Oakley, were able to quit their day jobs, making six digit salaries from the videos they posted on YouTube. Many successful YouTubers were even able to take their careers beyond YouTube, being offered jobs by the BBC and MTV due to their online notoriety.

Today, every celebrity, musician and organization from Miley Cyrus to the Vatican has their own YouTube channel, which allows them to communicate their content online. YouTube has grown in a way that allows you to not only share your ideas or your talents on the internet, but even profit off of them.

Sources:

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http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/

http://www.businessinsider.com/key-turning-points-history-of-youtube-2013-2?op=1&IR=T

History of Internet & Social Networking

 

The concept of the Internet being identified as a “chronicle of contradiction” perfectly describes how it stood at the introduction of it’s existence and how it still functions today. The idea today that the Internet gives people power, yet shrinks the world is a constant hot topic and for many reasons. With the Internet originally starting as a tool for military usage it was quite ironic to see it take a turn in the 70’s as a social movement. The idea of libertarianism stemming from something that was intended to be used for research and communication in war was unexpected but led to a great amount of creative empowerment. The idea of “The Well” was interesting because this is in a way the beginning to where we are now where people question whether the Internet brings people together or distances each other. There’s compuserve-advertisements-970x543many different ways people look at this especially in today’s world where many feel technology is taking over our lives. At this time in the 1970s and 80s, the Internet allowed people to connect and see the world in ways they hadn’t before. People used services such as CompuServe that allowed members to share events and news and it was an amazement to interact in ways beyond person to person, and the concept of chat rooms and the birth of social networking was seemingly a milestone. Today, there is a large argument that the Internet is taking away from human interaction. Not only that, but Internet gives people the power to be anonymous, and therefore allows on to act differently than they would in person. Then again, the Internet does able to connect people on a level that would not be possible in person; it allows connection to the other side of the world in a mere matter of seconds. Yet, connection via the Internet does not necessarily give one the true view of that person or the information the user is reading. Overall, the Internet is truly a chronicle of contradiction from its history to present day.

The history of social networking

 

The Evolution of Music Services

I find the evolution of music services on the internet very interesting due to the fact that the transition took place extremely quickly as it made it so much easier for people to access music because instead of relying on carrying Walkmans and listening to CDs we suddenly had access to more music right at our fingertips. This led to an increase in the ways in which you could stream or buy music, however in it’s early developments this still made us consumers until services like MySpace and YouTube developed allowing unknown musicians, artists and other media industry ameteurs to publicly promote their work.

This only continued to develop as more and more services became available and easier to use, such as SoundCloud, and as time moved on social media sites like Facebook and Twitter became so much more influential in these sorts of industries as outlets to promote music to a wider audience, making unknown artists much more prominent in the industry. In addition, most radio stations now have apps or online players for consumers to access their radio shows on the go as opposed to just in the car, or at home which changed the dimensions of radio.